First Among Equals

First Among Equals

City Skyline - C. Solomon

Alexander Strauch in hs book, Biblical Eldership, speaks of a plurality of elders being the biblical model for church leadership. Upon his discussion of this he mentions a concept of ‘first among equals’ (FEQ). While this concept has been largely embraced by those who have a plurality of elders, I believe the model most faithful to Scripture does not practice this concept. Typically FEQ in practice means there is a senior pastor who preaches regularly from the pulpit and gives direction for the congregaation. Whie his vote does not carry more veto power than any of the other elders during their meetings, I believe it does implicitly. I seek to show that the FEQ model is flawed in its presuppositions and that doing away with it is better for the health of a church.

1. The first elder does carry more weight than the other elders. While it is true that his vote is one vote, the same as the others, this objective number is not absemt from higher persuasion than the man sitting next to him. This requires more humility on the part of the first man than the others – as he will need to be convinced and willing to be persuaded by his equals. However, we need to be honest that this clout is present with the first man.

2. There is no model of first among equals in the NT. Yes we have apostolic examples of Paul and Peter who seemed to carry more weight than those around them. Additionally, Timothy was asked to stay and select men who would be able to lead the congregation. He was to set them an example in life and godliness. Timothy, was setting up a leadership of men, and it must not be assumed that it was supposed to remain this way. Rather, as the church spread its imfluence and outposts were set up, it was necessary to gather faithful men to teach and lead. It is a failure to take into account the movement of salvation history with respect to apostolic leadership when we claim that because Paul and Peter seemed to be the go to guys, their position in history is distinct and should not be modeled without discernment. Essentially, they were setting up the churches. Once the churches are established they need to be led by 1 Tim 3-like men.

3. Giftings are utilized when FEQ is set aside. God has given us many men with different personalities and perspectives on life and ministry. Sure there may be one who seems to be a leader. One who is a little more vocal and seems to have his systems put together a little more tightly than other men. However, when FEQ is adhered to the idiosyncrasies (and sin) found in the first man seem to rub off on those that are hearing him preach week in and week out. How many times when you have discipled someone have you seen some of your characteristics magnified in them? If a true plurality of elders is embraced, the other pastor’s personality would a) file some of the roguh edges of other pastors and b) encourage people of different personalities exercise their gifts and quirkiness.

4. Embracing a true plurality of elders allows people to appreciate the different preaching styles of various men. I have seen many folks who sit unde FEQ preaching who think that preaching with illustrations, PowerPoint, without storiesm, etc is not preaching. What has happened? These folks have wrongly equated the first man’s style with what it means to be biblical in preaching. Having men who are more inclined to art and others who are more inclined to systems and logic will help people see the diversity and beauty and incarnational aspect of preaching. Not only this, different kinds of preaching will minister to a wider range of people.

I have tried to boil my argument to its essence. I realize that there are many who disagree with me on this issue and I welcome their rebuke, critique, and questions. I do believe that getting rid of the FEQ idea will strengthen the church and augment an atmosphere of diversity.

  • Nick
    Posted at 20:19h, 10 July Reply

    Fantastic arguments Matt. I agree with you completely — this is the model of biblical eldership that I have embraced to be true and believe to be 1. possible, 2. most beneficial to the church, and 3. particularly glorifying to God.

    It seems that the loudest argument against this type of plurality within the camp of those who support FEQ is that there will be issues that need to be decided when there is disagreement. To me, this sounds very much like what you have outlined — when one man is the “the buck stops here” guy, he is the senior pastor of the church and everyone else falls in line, agreeing or not. Obviously, there will be disagreements, but that is the beauty of the vote thus leading men who are called and functioning as elders to sometimes be willing to give way to other ideas for the sake of unity and diversity of ideas.

    With a few fellow pastors I have talked about the benefits of sharing preaching responsibilities amongst elders. (1) It does not elevate one man to a higher status in the eyes of the faith community because he is the one seen in the pulpit on a regular basis. (2) Corporate exegesis. The elders can all work together through books of the Bible in preaching and have a unified effort to faithfully exegete Scripture in regular, planned times throughout the week when specific passages are studied and discussed prior to one’s sermon preparation work. (3) More time to prepare. If we are going to practice what we preach (no pun intended) as reformed brethren, we need to emphasize the importance of a high view of Scripture through faithful exposition. This takes time. If a man is not called upon to preach every week (perhaps even several times per week), he will have much more time (a few weeks) to get one passage nailed down really well. (4) Elders need to be fed too. It’s hard for preachers to listen to others sometimes, but rotating would help defeat that pride, give varied perspective, and meet a wider range of diverse tastes (as Matt pointed out).

    Overall, I think the notion that a plurality of elders requires a FEQ is too much of an alignment with a corporate business model — this seems normal to Americans because it’s the world most live in. It may seem normal and the best way to do things, but it doesn’t make it biblical. I’d love to get more opinion on it.

  • Reid Monaghan
    Posted at 17:11h, 17 July Reply

    I thought this post was relevant:

    The links in the post expand on some of the ideas…especially this one:

    Matt, you will like the influence of John Frame found in some of their tripersepectivalism.

    As to whether there is “any” biblical support for a FEQ is a bit strong as 1 Tim 5 does seem to at least set off certain elders who labor at teaching. And certainly the FEQ model Goodmanson elaborates on above is not the Corp business model. Far from it. A plurality with a FEQ can be extremely antithetical to the CEO model. A FEQ ought see himself as a slave, not a Lord of the manor, a pastor, not a potentate.

  • Jason Finley
    Posted at 01:27h, 20 July Reply

    Thanks for your well-thought out points. on this. This was timely for me as I’m in the midst of trying to adjudicate between the various structures in a congregational framework. See you Labor Day? Peace, Jason

  • mawireman
    Posted at 23:33h, 21 July Reply

    Thanks for the feedback, Reid. I generaly agree with Goodmanson’s article, but I think we may talking past each other if we had coffee. To jump from 1Tim 5 into an implication that there are those who are higher in the foodchain doesn’t seem like a valid one. I agree that there are elders who are more gifted at preaching than others. What I am arguing for, is that there not be one FEQ who is the vision setter and main preaching pastor. Thus the reasons I give for having a few men preaching frmo the same pulpit. I have been told I ‘overargue’ my position, but I think this idea of having a ‘preaching pastor’ causes undue stagnation. Therefore, it is not overarguing, but pleading for a revision of how we think of eldership.

  • D. Goodmanson
    Posted at 00:14h, 22 July Reply


    At Kaleo we have talked about a ‘Firsts among equals’ especially as we look down the road and plan for dozens of elders and a number of elders who are preaching in multiple locations each week. The challenge I’ve seen is church plants typically are started by one (which I don’t recommend) or a couple elders, of which one tends to be the primary first. As the congregation grows, elders should be developed who can be part of the FEQ.

  • Reid Monaghan
    Posted at 01:11h, 22 July Reply

    Matt, yes – we have team teaching where I am now, and I am planning on doing that in the future.

    Now, my concern is with an eldership where no one is responsible. Developing men, training and giving input the staff, etc. There ought to be someone who feels the burden for the team, who is their slave/servant/pastor not CEO of the board. At the very least I think there out to be some clearly defined roles (if only seasonal). Leadership and Servanthood are not contradictory. In a marriage there is a leader, not a king. Headship and authority are not popular in the home or in the church, but Scripture teaches that these are not only necessary, but good. In the church there should be leaders – to model, to preach, to lead from among the people in the missio dei.

    Also, team teaching should be the reality of every congregation. There ought be fathers teaching, people teaching in small group settings, in homes etc. The pulpit is not the only place where the elder, able to teach, is exercising his calling. We need to help people serve in ways in which they are called by God, enabled by the Spirit. On a practical note, when team teaching extends too much beyond 2 men the pulpit can become scattered.

    Our concerns should be derived theological from Scripture – but practical functioning should remain a concern.

    As to 1 Tim 5 – I don’t think this verse merits “ruling elders” and “teaching elders” – but at the very least, there are some men who seem to have a special function and calling among the plurality of men.

    One last issue. There are times where there just IS a FEQ. Here I am not talking title or positioning. I think we have all met men whom God has his hand upon. It is a reality which emerges in relationships and gifting. Lets just posit a hypothetical. If me, Matthew and John Piper were on an elder team together…there would simply BE a first of among equals. And I would not be threatened by this. Matthew would simply BE a FEQ on the team. He has that much Spirutal quan on his life. Just kidding – but I think you see what I mean. Piper would have one vote, could be removed for sin, should be accountable etc. But he would just BE someone I would follow.

    Thanks men – I have written too much…

  • jbtreece
    Posted at 16:41h, 05 December Reply

    Thanks for the post. I am about to post a blog and I was going to use the concept of first among equals, but after contemplating your points, I have decided to adjust my own.


  • astrapto
    Posted at 07:07h, 09 April Reply

    Thanks for replying to my comment on your old blog,

    I agree that FEQ is more streamlined, but so is a dictatorship. What matters is how biblical it is, and like you said, FEQ is not taught in the Bible to the extent that it’s taught today.

    You called FEQ a “third-level” polity issue – I don’t know what levels one and two are. You also said that someone who doesn’t believe in FEQ wouldn’t be able to stay in a church that practices it – I don’t see how that’s true. If it’s really a “third-level” issue, then there’s no need to divide over it. Besides, what a low percentage of evangelical churches practice true parity!

    • Matthew Wireman
      Posted at 08:18h, 09 April Reply

      Here’s a good primer on theological levels:

      Also, that’s why I said it was thorny because it is a matter of interpretation as well as a mix of pragmatics (since scripture doesn’t give explicit direction over polity issues, but leaves room for cultural applications). It’s also thorny because while it’s a third level issue (like eschatology), it would be hard to stay at a church that practices a senior pastor model while you hold to a true parity practice. Not impossible, but difficult. Merely because there are sparse exemplars doesn’t mean we ought to forego its pursuit (which I know you agree with, just explicitly stating it)

      • astrapto
        Posted at 12:16h, 09 April Reply

        Thanks for that link, Matthew.

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